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Title: Gain analysis of higher-order-mode amplification in a dielectric-implanted multi-beam traveling wave structure

A multi-beam traveling wave amplifier designed with an overmoded staggered double grating array was examined by small signal analysis combined with simulation. Eigenmode and S-parameter analyses show that the 2 cm long slow wave structure (SWS) has 1–5 dB insertion loss over the passband (TM{sub 31} mode) with ∼28% cold bandwidth. Analytic gain calculation indicates that in the SWS, TM{sub 31}-mode is amplified with 15–20 dB/beam at 64–84 GHz with three elliptical beams of 10 kV and 150 mA/beam, which was compared with particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. PIC analysis on the analysis of instability with zero-input driving excitations demonstrated that background noises and non-operating lower order modes are noticeably suppressed by implanting equidistant dielectric absorbers; the overmoded structure only allowed the desired 3rd order mode to propagate in the structure. The designed circuit structure can be widely applied to multi-beam devices for high power RF generation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States)
  2. (APC), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22227969
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; BACKGROUND NOISE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DESIGN; EIGENFUNCTIONS; EIGENVALUES; ELECTRONS; GAIN; GHZ RANGE; MICROWAVE AMPLIFIERS; RF SYSTEMS; TRAVELLING WAVES