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Title: Effects of the imposed magnetic field on the production and transport of relativistic electron beams

The effects of the imposed uniform magnetic field, ranging from 1 MG up to 50 MG, on the production and transport of relativistic electron beams (REBs) in overdense plasmas irradiated by ultraintense laser pulse are investigated with two-dimensional particle-in-cell numerical simulations. This study gives clear evidence that the imposed magnetic field is capable of effectively confining the relativistic electrons in space even when the source is highly divergent since it forces the electrons moving helically. In comparison, the spontaneous magnetic fields, generated by the helically moving electrons interplaying with the current filamentation instability, are dominant in scattering the relativistic electrons. As the imposed magnetic field was increased from 1 MG to 50 MG, overall coupling from laser to the relativistic electrons which have the potential to heat the compressed core in fast ignition was found to increase from 6.9% to 21.3% while the divergence of the REB increases significantly from 64° to 90°. The simulations show that imposed magnetic field of the value of 3–30 MG could be more suitable to fast-ignition inertial fusion.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22227954
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM PRODUCTION; BEAM TRANSPORT; BEAM-PLASMA SYSTEMS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRONS; ICF DEVICES; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; INERTIAL FUSION DRIVERS; IRRADIATION; LASER-PRODUCED PLASMA; LASERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA PRODUCTION; PLASMA SIMULATION; RELATIVISTIC RANGE