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Title: Turbulent acceleration and heating in toroidal magnetized plasmas

It is shown that turbulence is responsible for a source of momentum, which cannot be recast as a divergence of a momentum flux. This process is similar to turbulent heating, with similar properties. The sum over all species vanishes up to polarization contributions. Hence, toroidal momentum is transferred from species to species, mediated by turbulence. As for momentum flux, symmetry breaking is needed. Flow shear is investigated as a source of symmetry breaking, leading to a source of momentum proportional to the shear rate. Turbulent acceleration is significant for ion species. It is found that it is proportional to the charge number Z, while turbulent heating scales as Z{sup 2}/A, where A is the mass number. It is maximum in the edge, where the E × B flow shear rate and turbulence intensity are maximum. When both are large enough, the turbulent torque may overcome the collisional friction between impurities and main ions, thus leading to different toroidal velocities.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St. Paul-lez-Durance cedex (France)
  2. Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22227947
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; ELECTRON-ION COLLISIONS; IONS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; MASS NUMBER; PLASMA; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; PLASMA IMPURITIES; POLARIZATION; SHEAR; SYMMETRY BREAKING; TOKAMAK DEVICES; TURBULENCE; TURBULENT HEATING