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Title: Searching for low-lying multi-particle thresholds in lattice spectroscopy

We explore the Euclidean-time tails of odd-parity nucleon correlation functions in a search for the S-wave pion–nucleon scattering-state threshold contribution. The analysis is performed using 2+1 flavor 32{sup 3}×64 PACS-CS gauge configurations available via the ILDG. Correlation matrices composed with various levels of fermion source/sink smearing are used to project low-lying states. The consideration of 25,600 fermion propagators reveals the presence of more than one state in what would normally be regarded as an eigenstate-projected correlation function. This observation is in accord with the scenario where the eigenstates contain a strong mixing of single and multi-particle states but only the single particle component has a strong coupling to the interpolating field. Employing a two-exponential fit to the eigenvector-projected correlation function, we are able to confirm the presence of two eigenstates. The lower-lying eigenstate is consistent with a Nπ scattering threshold and has a relatively small coupling to the three-quark interpolating field. We discuss the impact of this small scattering-state contamination in the eigenvector projected correlation function on previous results presented in the literature. -- Highlights: • Correlation-matrix projected correlators reveal more than one state contributing. • Results are associated with strong mixing of single and multi-particle states in QCD. •more » A two-exponential fit confirms the presence of two QCD eigenstates. •The lower-lying eigenstate is consistent with a nucleon–pion scattering threshold. •The impact of this small contamination on the higher-lying state is examined.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Special Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter, School of Chemistry and Physics, The University of Adelaide, SA, 5005 (Australia)
  2. (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224310
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 342; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; EIGENSTATES; EIGENVECTORS; EUCLIDEAN SPACE; FLAVOR MODEL; NUCLEONS; PARITY; PERTURBED ANGULAR CORRELATION; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; QUARKS; S WAVES; SCATTERING; STRONG-COUPLING MODEL