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Title: Canonical quantization theory of general singular QED system of Fermi field interaction with generally decomposed gauge potential

Quantization theory gives rise to transverse phonons for the traditional Coulomb gauge condition and to scalar and longitudinal photons for the Lorentz gauge condition. We describe a new approach to quantize the general singular QED system by decomposing a general gauge potential into two orthogonal components in general field theory, which preserves scalar and longitudinal photons. Using these two orthogonal components, we obtain an expansion of the gauge-invariant Lagrangian density, from which we deduce the two orthogonal canonical momenta conjugate to the two components of the gauge potential. We then obtain the canonical Hamiltonian in the phase space and deduce the inherent constraints. In terms of the naturally deduced gauge condition, the quantization results are exactly consistent with those in the traditional Coulomb gauge condition and superior to those in the Lorentz gauge condition. Moreover, we find that all the nonvanishing quantum commutators are permanently gauge-invariant. A system can only be measured in physical experiments when it is gauge-invariant. The vanishing longitudinal vector potential means that the gauge invariance of the general QED system cannot be retained. This is similar to the nucleon spin crisis dilemma, which is an example of a physical quantity that cannot be exactly measured experimentally.more » However, the theory here solves this dilemma by keeping the gauge invariance of the general QED system. -- Highlights: •We decompose the general gauge potential into two orthogonal parts according to general field theory. •We identify a new approach for quantizing the general singular QED system. •The results obtained are superior to those for the Lorentz gauge condition. •The theory presented solves dilemmas such as the nucleon spin crisis.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Physics, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100136 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. (World Lab.), P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224302
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 342; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMMUTATORS; GAUGE INVARIANCE; HAMILTONIANS; INTERACTIONS; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; LIMITING VALUES; NUCLEONS; PHASE SPACE; PHONONS; PHOTONS; POTENTIALS; QUANTIZATION; QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS; SCALARS; SPIN; VECTORS