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Title: Quantum discord is Bohr’s notion of non-mechanical disturbance introduced to counter the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen argument

By rigorously formalizing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) argument, and Bohr’s reply, one can appreciate that both arguments were technically correct. Their opposed conclusions about the completeness of quantum mechanics hinged upon an explicit difference in their criteria for when a measurement on Alice’s system can be regarded as not disturbing Bob’s system. The EPR criteria allow their conclusion–incompleteness–to be reached by establishing the physical reality of just a single observable q (not of both q and its conjugate observable p), but I show that Bohr’s definition of disturbance prevents the EPR chain of reasoning from establishing even this. Moreover, I show that Bohr’s definition is intimately related to the asymmetric concept of quantum discord from quantum information theory: if and only if the joint state has no Alice-discord, she can measure any observable without disturbing (in Bohr’s sense) Bob’s system. Discord can be present even when systems are unentangled, and this has implications for our understanding of the historical development of notions of quantum nonlocality. -- Highlights: •Both the EPR argument, and Bohr’s reply, were technically correct. •Their opposed conclusions came from different criteria for disturbance. •Bohr’s criterion works against even the simplified (one-variable) EPR argument. •Bohr’s criterion for disturbance ismore » intimately related to quantum discord. •This illuminates the historical development of notions of quantum nonlocality.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224243
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 338; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ASYMMETRY; CORRELATIONS; DISTURBANCES; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; QUANTUM INFORMATION; QUANTUM MECHANICS