skip to main content

Title: Nanopatterning and tuning of optical taper antenna apex for tip-enhanced Raman scattering performance

This paper focuses on finding optimal electrochemical conditions from linear sweep voltammetry analysis for preparing highly reproducible tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) conical gold tips with dc-pulsed voltage etching. Special attention is given to the reproducibility of tip apex shapes with different etchant mixtures. We show that the fractional Brownian motion model enables a mathematical description of the decaying current kinetics during the whole etching process up to the cutoff event. Further progress in preparation of highly reproducible smooth and sharp tip apexes is related to the effect of an additive, such as isopropanol, to aqueous acids. A finite-difference time-domain method based near-field analysis provides evidence that TERS performance depends critically on tip orientation relative to a highly focused laser beam. A TERS based criterion for recognizing gold tips able to couple/decouple optical near- and far-fields is proposed.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Optics and Nanophotonics, Institute of Physics, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya 16, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224124
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADDITIVES; ANTENNAS; BROWNIAN MOVEMENT; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ETCHING; GOLD; LASERS; MIXTURES; NANOSTRUCTURES; ORIENTATION; PERFORMANCE; PROPANOLS; RAMAN EFFECT; RAMAN SPECTRA