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Title: Field ionization characteristics of an ion source array for neutron generators

A new deuterium ion source is being developed to improve the performance of existing compact neutron generators. The ion source is a microfabricated array of metal tips with an integrated gate (i.e., grid) and produces deuterium ions by field ionizing (or field desorbing) a supply of deuterium gas. Deuterium field ion currents from arrays at source temperatures of 77 K and 293 K are studied. Ion currents from single etched-wire tips operating under the same conditions are used to help understand array results. I-F characteristics of the arrays were found to follow trends similar to those of the better understood single etched-wire tip results; however, the fields achieved by the arrays are limited by electrical breakdown of the structure. Neutron production by field ionization at 293 K was demonstrated for the first time from microfabricated array structures with integrated gates.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)
  2. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)
  3. SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)
  4. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
  5. Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224096
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DEUTERIUM; DEUTERIUM IONS; ELECTRICAL FAULTS; ION SOURCES; IONIZATION; METALS; NEUTRON GENERATORS; NEUTRONS; PERFORMANCE; WIRES