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Title: Computational and experimental characterization of high-brightness beams for femtosecond electron imaging and spectroscopy

Using a multilevel fast multipole method, coupled with the shadow imaging of femtosecond photoelectron pulses for validation, we quantitatively elucidate the photocathode, space charge, and virtual cathode physics, which fundamentally limit the spatiotemporal and spectroscopic resolution and throughput of ultrafast electron microscope (UEM) systems. We present a simple microscopic description to capture the nonlinear beam dynamics based on a two-fluid picture and elucidate an unexpected dominant role of image potential pinning in accelerating the emittance growth process. These calculations set theoretical limits on the performance of UEM systems and provide useful guides for photocathode design for high-brightness electron beam systems.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Physics and Astronomy Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22224080
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 25; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BEAM DYNAMICS; BRIGHTNESS; CAPTURE; DESIGN; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; PHOTOCATHODES; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; PULSES; RESOLUTION; SPACE CHARGE; VALIDATION