skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Corrosion of aluminium metal in OPC- and CAC-based cement matrices

Corrosion of aluminium metal in ordinary Portland cement (OPC) based pastes produces hydrogen gas and expansive reaction products causing problems for the encapsulation of aluminium containing nuclear wastes. Although corrosion of aluminium in cements has been long known, the extent of aluminium corrosion in the cement matrices and effects of such reaction on the cement phases are not well established. The present study investigates the corrosion reaction of aluminium in OPC, OPC-blast furnace slag (BFS) and calcium aluminate cement (CAC) based systems. The total amount of aluminium able to corrode in an OPC and 4:1 BFS:OPC system was determined, and the correlation between the amount of calcium hydroxide in the system and the reaction of aluminium obtained. It was also shown that a CAC-based system could offer a potential matrix to incorporate aluminium metal with a further reduction of pH by introduction of phosphate, producing a calcium phosphate cement.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield, S1 3JD (United Kingdom)
  2. The Public University of Navarra, C/Esquíroz, 30 trasera, Pamplona 31007 (Spain)
  3. The National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA) Lyon, 20 Avenue Albert Einstein 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)
  4. National Nuclear Laboratory, Chadwick House, Birchwood Park, Warrington, WA3 6AE (United Kingdom)
  5. Industrial Research Ltd., 69 Gracefield Road, Lower Hutt, 5040 (New Zealand)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220804
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cement and Concrete Research; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINATES; ALUMINIUM; CALCIUM; CALCIUM HYDROXIDES; CALCIUM PHOSPHATES; CORROSION; PORTLAND CEMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTES