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Title: Solvable model of quantum phase transitions and the symbolic-manipulation-based study of its multiply degenerate exceptional points and of their unfolding

It is known that the practical use of non-Hermitian (i.e., typically, PT-symmetric) phenomenological quantum Hamiltonians H≠H{sup †} requires an efficient reconstruction of an ad hoc Hilbert-space metric Θ=Θ(H) which would render the time-evolution unitary. Once one considers just the N-dimensional matrix toy models H=H{sup (N)}, the matrix elements of Θ(H) may be defined via a coupled set of N{sup 2} polynomial equations. Their solution is a typical task for computer-assisted symbolic manipulations. The feasibility of such a model-completion construction is illustrated here via a discrete square well model H=p{sup 2}+V endowed with a k-parametric close-to-the-boundary interaction V. The model is shown to possess (possibly, multiply degenerate) exceptional points marking the phase transitions which are attributable, due to the exact solvability of the model at any N<∞, to the loss of the regularity of the metric. In the parameter-dependence of the energy spectrum near these singularities one encounters a broad variety of alternative, topologically non-equivalent scenarios. -- Highlights: •New elementary non-Hermitian quantum Hamiltonians with real spectra proposed. •Exceptional points found and studied. •Non-equivalent stability-loss patterns of phase transition identified. •Hermitization matrices of metrics Θ constructed via symbolic manipulations and extrapolations at all N and k.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220773
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 336; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMPUTERS; ENERGY SPECTRA; EXACT SOLUTIONS; EXTRAPOLATION; HAMILTONIANS; HILBERT SPACE; MATRIX ELEMENTS; METRICS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLYNOMIALS; SINGULARITY; TOPOLOGY