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Title: Entropy evolution law in a laser process

For the first time, we obtain the entropy variation law in a laser process after finding the Kraus operator of the master equation describing the laser process with the use of the entangled state representation. The behavior of entropy is determined by the competition of the gain and damping in the laser process. The evolution formula for the number of photons is also obtained. -- Highlights: •We apply the thermo-field dynamics method to the master equation of a laser. •We find the operator-sum (Kraus) representation for the density operator. •We find both the normally ordered and compact forms of ρ(t) for ρ{sub 0}=|z〉〈z|. •We find the exact expression of the laser’s entropy. •Our results reveal quantitatively how a laser beam can be generated in a laser.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220752
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 334; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DAMPING; DENSITY MATRIX; ENTROPY; EQUATIONS; EVOLUTION; LASERS; PHOTONS; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT