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Title: A dark-field microscope for background-free detection of resonance fluorescence from single semiconductor quantum dots operating in a set-and-forget mode

Optically active quantum dots, for instance self-assembled InGaAs quantum dots, are potentially excellent single photon sources. The fidelity of the single photons is much improved using resonant rather than non-resonant excitation. With resonant excitation, the challenge is to distinguish between resonance fluorescence and scattered laser light. We have met this challenge by creating a polarization-based dark-field microscope to measure the resonance fluorescence from a single quantum dot at low temperature. We achieve a suppression of the scattered laser exceeding a factor of 10{sup 7} and background-free detection of resonance fluorescence. The same optical setup operates over the entire quantum dot emission range (920–980 nm) and also in high magnetic fields. The major development is the outstanding long-term stability: once the dark-field point has been established, the microscope operates for days without alignment. The mechanical and optical designs of the microscope are presented, as well as exemplary resonance fluorescence spectroscopy results on individual quantum dots to underline the microscope's excellent performance.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)
  2. Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos, IFISC (CSIC-UIB), Campus Universitat Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
  3. (Germany)
  4. Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Festkörperphysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220560
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; EXCITATION; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; INDIUM ARSENIDES; LASERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC RESONANCE; OPTICAL MICROSCOPES; PHOTONS; POLARIZATION; QUANTUM DOTS; RESONANCE FLUORESCENCE; SEMICONDUCTOR DETECTORS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS