skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Development of a compact thermal lithium atom beam source for measurements of electron velocity distribution function anisotropy in electron cyclotron resonance plasmas

The anisotropy of the electron velocity distribution function (EVDF) in plasmas can be deduced from the polarization of emissions induced by anisotropic electron-impact excitation. In this paper, we develop a compact thermal lithium atom beam source for spatially resolved measurements of the EVDF anisotropy in electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasmas. The beam system is designed such that the ejected beam has a slab shape, and the beam direction is variable. The divergence and flux of the beam are evaluated by experiments and calculations. The developed beam system is installed in an ECR plasma device with a cusp magnetic field, and the LiI 2s–2p emission (670.8 nm) is observed in low-pressure helium plasma. The two-dimensional distributions of the degree and direction of the polarization in the LiI emission are measured by a polarization imaging system. The evaluated polarization distribution suggests the spatial variation of the EVDF anisotropy.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8540 (Japan)
  2. Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)
  3. Department of Fundamental Energy Science, Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
  4. Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, Fukui University, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220551
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANISOTROPY; ATOMS; BEAMS; CUSPED GEOMETRIES; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; ELECTRON CYCLOTRON-RESONANCE; ELECTRONS; HELIUM; LITHIUM; PLASMA; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; POLARIZATION; SUPERCONDUCTING COILS; TOKAMAK DEVICES