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Title: Influence of plasma diagnostics and constraints on the quality of equilibrium reconstructions on Joint European Torus

One of the main approaches to thermonuclear fusion relies on confining high temperature plasmas with properly shaped magnetic fields. The determination of the magnetic topology is, therefore, essential for controlling the experiments and for achieving the required performance. In Tokamaks, the reconstruction of the fields is typically formulated as a free boundary equilibrium problem, described by the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal geometry and axisymmetric configurations. Unfortunately, this results in mathematically very ill posed problems and, therefore, the quality of the equilibrium reconstructions depends sensitively on the measurements used as inputs and on the imposed constraints. In this paper, it is shown how the different diagnostics (Magnetics Measurements, Polarimetry and Motional Stark Effect), together with the edge current density and plasma pressure constraints, can have a significant impact on the quality of the equilibrium on JET. Results show that both the Polarimetry and Motional Stark Effect internal diagnostics are crucial in order to obtain reasonable safety factor profiles. The impact of the edge current density constraint is significant when the plasma is in the H-mode of confinement. In this plasma scenario the strike point positions and the plasma last closed flux surface can change even by centimetres, depending on the edgemore » constraints, with a significant impact on the remapping of the equilibrium-dependent diagnostics and of pedestal physics studies. On the other hand and quite counter intuitively, the pressure constraint can severely affect the quality of the magnetic reconstructions in the core. These trends have been verified with several JET discharges and consistent results have been found. An interpretation of these results, as interplay between degrees of freedom and available measurements, is provided. The systematic analysis described in the paper emphasizes the importance of having sufficient diagnostic inputs and of properly validating the results of the codes with independent measurements.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ;  [5] ;
  1. Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma (Italy)
  2. Consorzio RFX-Associazione EURATOM ENEA per la Fusione, I-35127 Padova (Italy)
  3. EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)
  4. EURATOM-MEdC Association, NILPRP, Bucharest (Romania)
  5. Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Teilinstitut Greifswald, EURATOM Association, Wendelsteinstr.1, 17491 Greifswald (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220385
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2013 Euratom; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AXIAL SYMMETRY; BOUNDARY LAYERS; CURRENT DENSITY; GRAD-SHAFRANOV EQUATION; H-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; HOT PLASMA; JET TOKAMAK; MAGNETIC SURFACES; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS; PLASMA PRESSURE; POLARIMETRY; STARK EFFECT; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS