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Title: Coupling of (ultra-) relativistic atomic nuclei with photons

The coupling of photons with (ultra-) relativistic atomic nuclei is presented in two particular circumstances: very high electromagnetic fields and very short photon pulses. We consider a typical situation where the (bare) nuclei (fully stripped of electrons) are accelerated to energies ≃ 1 TeV per nucleon (according to the state of the art at LHC, for instance) and photon sources like petawatt lasers ≃ 1 eV-radiation (envisaged by ELI-NP project, for instance), or free-electron laser ≃ 10 keV-radiation, or synchrotron sources, etc. In these circumstances the nuclear scale energy can be attained, with very high field intensities. In particular, we analyze the nuclear transitions induced by the radiation, including both one- and two-photon proceses, as well as the polarization-driven transitions which may lead to giant dipole resonances. The nuclear (electrical) polarization concept is introduced. It is shown that the perturbation theory for photo-nuclear reactions is applicable, although the field intensity is high, since the corresponding interaction energy is low and the interaction time (pulse duration) is short. It is also shown that the description of the giant nuclear dipole resonance requires the dynamics of the nuclear electrical polarization degrees of freedom.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Atomic Physics, Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, MG-6, POBox MG-35 (Romania)
  2. National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, POBox MG-36 (Romania)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22220289
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2013 © 2013 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; DIPOLES; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; ENERGY-LEVEL TRANSITIONS; FREE ELECTRON LASERS; GIANT RESONANCE; PHOTON-NUCLEON INTERACTIONS; PHOTONS; PHOTONUCLEAR REACTIONS; POLARIZATION; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES