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Title: Application of microwave discharge for the synthesis of TiB{sub 2} and BN nano- and microcrystals in a mixture of Ti-B powders in a nitrogen atmosphere

Synthesis of titanium diboride and boron nitride nano- and microcrystals by means of a pulsed microwave discharge in a mixture of Ti-B powders in a nitrogen atmosphere is considered. For this purpose, a new type of reactor with a free surface of the powder mixture was used. The reactor design permits free expansion of the reaction products into the reactor volume and their deposition on the reactor walls. Conditions for the synthesis of TiB{sub 2} and BN compounds were studied as functions of the energy input in the discharge, the powder component ratio, the rate of the nitrogen flow through the reactor, and the structure and phase composition of the compounds deposited on the reactor walls. The synthesis of boron nitride and titanium diboride in crystal structures is proven. An important role in the process of synthesis is played by the heating of the mixture due to the titanium diboride synthesis reaction, its behavior in the bulk of the reactor, and the titanium concentration in the powder mixture. It is also found that, as the number of discharges in the bulk of the reactor increases, a dust cloud forms. The luminescence of this cloud indicates that the initiated discharge proceedsmore » not only on the powder surface and in the powder bulk, but also in the reactor volume.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
  2. Russian Academy of Sciences, Fiber Optics Research Center (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22218649
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plasma Physics Reports; Journal Volume: 39; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ATMOSPHERES; BORON NITRIDES; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; HIGH-FREQUENCY DISCHARGES; LUMINESCENCE; MIXTURES; NITROGEN; POWDERS; PULSES; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM; TITANIUM BORIDES