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Title: Control of bootstrap current in the pedestal region of tokamaks

The high confinement mode (H-mode) plasmas in the pedestal region of tokamaks are characterized by steep gradient of the radial electric field, and sonic poloidal U{sub p,m} flow that consists of poloidal components of the E×B flow and the plasma flow velocity that is parallel to the magnetic field B. Here, E is the electric field. The bootstrap current that is important for the equilibrium, and stability of the pedestal of H-mode plasmas is shown to have an expression different from that in the conventional theory. In the limit where ‖U{sub p,m}‖≫ 1, the bootstrap current is driven by the electron temperature gradient and inductive electric field fundamentally different from that in the conventional theory. The bootstrap current in the pedestal region can be controlled through manipulating U{sub p,m} and the gradient of the radial electric. This, in turn, can control plasma stability such as edge-localized modes. Quantitative evaluations of various coefficients are shown to illustrate that the bootstrap current remains finite when ‖U{sub p,m}‖ approaches infinite and to provide indications how to control the bootstrap current. Approximate analytic expressions for viscous coefficients that join results in the banana and plateau-Pfirsch-Schluter regimes are presented to facilitate bootstrap and neoclassical transportmore » simulations in the pedestal region.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22218343
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; APPROXIMATIONS; BANANA REGIME; BOOTSTRAP CURRENT; BOUNDARY LAYERS; EDGE LOCALIZED MODES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; H-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; ION TEMPERATURE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NEOCLASSICAL TRANSPORT THEORY; PFIRSCH-SCHLUETER REGIME; PLASMA; PLASMA SIMULATION; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TOKAMAK DEVICES; VISCOSITY