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Title: Precision measurement of single atoms strongly coupled to the higher-order transverse modes of a high-finesse optical cavity

We have experimentally demonstrated the strong coupling between single atoms and the higher-order Hermite-Gaussian transverse modes in a high-finesse optical microcavity. Compared to the usual low-order symmetric transverse modes, multiple lobes and the asymmetric spatial pattern of the titled modes provide more information about the motion of single atoms in the cavity. The motional information can be extracted from the measured transmission spectra, which includes the velocities and the positions of the atoms in vertical and off-axis directions. The scheme has great potential in time-resolved atom-cavity microscopy and in tracking the three-dimensional single atom trajectory in real time.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Opto-Electronics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22218136
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ACCURACY; ASYMMETRY; ATOMS; MICROSCOPY; MICROWAVE SPECTRA; PHOTON-ATOM COLLISIONS; POTENTIALS; QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS; STRONG-COUPLING MODEL; SYMMETRY; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TIME RESOLUTION; TRAJECTORIES; TRANSMISSION; VELOCITY