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Title: Comparison of the structural and chemical composition of two unique micro/nanostructures produced by femtosecond laser interactions on nickel

The structural and chemical composition of two unique microstructures formed on nickel, with nanoscale features, produced using femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) techniques is reported in this paper. These two surface morphologies, termed mounds and nanoparticle-covered pyramids, are part of a larger class of self-organized micro/nanostructured surfaces formed using FLSP. Cross-sections of the structures produced using focused ion beam milling techniques were analyzed with a transmission electron microscope. Both morphologies have a solid core with a layer of nanoparticles on the surface. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy by scanning transmission electron microscopy studies reveal that the nanoparticles are a nickel oxide, while the core material is pure nickel.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22217957
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ION BEAMS; LASER MATERIALS; LASERS; LAYERS; MICROSTRUCTURE; MILLING; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL; NICKEL OXIDES; PROCESSING; SURFACE ENERGY; SURFACES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X RADIATION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY