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Title: HIGH-n HYDROGEN RECOMBINATION LINES FROM THE FIRST GALAXIES

We investigate the prospects of blind and targeted searches in the radio domain (10 MHz to 1 THz) for high-n hydrogen recombination lines from the first generation of galaxies, at z ∼< 10. The expected optically thin spontaneous α-line luminosities are calculated as a function of the absolute AB magnitude of a galaxy at 1500 Å. For a blind search, semi-empirical luminosity functions are used to calculate the number of galaxies whose expected flux densities exceed an assumed detectability threshold. Plots of the minimum sky area, within which at least one detectable galaxy is expected at a given observing frequency, in the fiducial instantaneous passband of 10{sup 4} km s{sup –1}, allow us to assess the blind search time necessary for detection by a given facility. We show that the chances for detection are the highest in the millimeter and submillimeter domains, but finding spontaneous emission in a blind search, especially from redshifts z >> 1, is a challenge even with powerful facilities, such as the Actama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array and Square Kilometre Array. The probability of success is higher for a targeted search of lines with principal quantum number n ∼ 10 in Lyman-break galaxies amplified by gravitational lensing.more » Detection of more than one hydrogen line in such a galaxy will allow for line identification and a precise determination of the galaxy's redshift.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Johns Hopkins University and Maria Mitchell Observatory, 4 Vestal Street, Nantucket, MA 02554 (United States)
  2. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  3. Maria Mitchell Observatory, 4 Vestal Street, Nantucket, MA 02554 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22215471
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 775; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DETECTION; EMISSION; FLUX DENSITY; FUNCTIONS; GALAXIES; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; HYDROGEN; LUMINOSITY; MASERS; MHZ RANGE; PROBABILITY; RECOMBINATION; RED SHIFT; SKY