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Title: Results of experiments devoted to searches for 2K capture on {sup 78}Kr and for the double-beta decay of {sup 136}Xe with the aid of proportional counters

A brief description of two low-background setups deployed at the Baksan Neutrino Observatory (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences) and intended for searches for two types of double-beta decay of inert-gas isotopes-2K capture on {sup 78}Kr and the double-beta decay of {sup 136}Xe-is given. The two setups in question have similar structures and employ identical large high-pressure copper proportional counters as detectors. Upon a treatment of data from measurements with krypton samples differing in the content of the isotope {sup 78}Kr, the spectrum for an enriched sample revealed an excess of events at a statistical-significance level of about two standard deviations (2{sigma}). If one attributes this excess to 2K(2{nu}) capture on {sup 78}Kr, the respective half-life is T{sub 1/2} = 1.4{sub -0.7}{sup +2.3} Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 22} yr at a 90% C.L. A treatment of data from measurements with xenon samples differing in content of the isotope {sup 136}Xe led to the appearance of an excess of events in the spectrum for an enriched sample at a statistical-significance level of about 2.2{sigma}. If one assumes that this excess is due to the two-neutrino double-beta decay of {sup 136}Xe, then the respective half-life is T{sub 1/2} = 5.8{sub -1.8}{sup +4.7}more » Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} yr.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
  2. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Ukraine)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22212671
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; CAPTURE; COPPER; DOUBLE BETA DECAY; HALF-LIFE; KRYPTON; KRYPTON 78; NEUTRINOS; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA 10-100; PROPORTIONAL COUNTERS; SPECTRA; XENON; XENON 136