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Title: Prospects for the pulsed electrodeposition of zinc-oxide hierarchical nanostructures

Studies into the effect of the conditions of pulsed electrodeposition upon the structural and sub-structural parameters, morphology, and optical properties of ZnO-crystallite arrays make it possible to establish those parameters optimal for the formation of ZnO nanorods oriented normally to the substrate surface. These parameters are as follows: an electrolyte temperature of 70-85 Degree-Sign C, duty cycle of 40%, and a pulse-repetition frequency of 2 Hz. The nanorod dimensions can be varied by heating or cooling the electrolyte within the above-indicated limits; as a result, small-sized nanorods can be electrically deposited on the surface of larger nanorods to form hierarchical nanostructures. By varying the duty cycle, it is possible to modify the surface morphology of the arrays up to the formation of mesoporous ZnO networks. In combination with ZnO nanorods, such networks are capable of forming hierarchical nanostructures with large specific areas.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. National Technical University 'Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute' (Ukraine)
  2. Kyiv State University (Ukraine)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22210576
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Semiconductors; Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; DEPOSITS; ELECTRODEPOSITION; ELECTROLYTES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PULSES; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; ZINC OXIDES