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Title: Spectrum of surface plasmons excited by spontaneous quantum dot transitions

We consider quantum fluctuations of near fields of a quantum emitter (two-level system (TLS) with population inversion sustained by incoherent pumping) in the near-field zone of a plasmon (metallic) nanoparticle. The spectrum of surface plasmons excited by spontaneous transitions in the quantum emitter is obtained below the lasing threshold of such a system (spaser) in the approximation of a small number of plasmons. It is shown that the relaxation rate is the sum of the quantum emitter's rates of relaxation to its thermal reservoir and the plasmon cavity. The resulting dependence of the average number of plasmons on the pump intensity indicates the nonthreshold nature of the process.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Electrodynamics (Russian Federation)
  2. Queens College of the City University of New York, Department of Physics (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22210519
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; APPROXIMATIONS; FLUCTUATIONS; PLASMONS; POPULATION INVERSION; PUMPING; PUMPS; QUANTUM DOTS; RELAXATION; SPECTRA; SURFACES