skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Dependences of the density of M{sub 1-x}R{sub x}F{sub 2+x} and R{sub 1-y}M{sub y}F{sub 3-y} single crystals (M = Ca, Sr, Ba, Cd, Pb; R means rare earth elements) on composition

The density of single crystals of nonstoichiometric phases Ba{sub 1-x}La{sub x}F{sub 2+x} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.5) and Sr{sub 0.8}La{sub 0.2-x}Lu{sub x}F{sub 2.2} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.2) with the fluorite (CaF{sub 2}) structure type and R{sub 1-y}Sr{sub y}F{sub 3-y} (R = Pr, Nd; 0 {<=} y {<=} 0.15) with the tysonite (LaF{sub 3}) structure type has been measured. Single crystals were grown from a melt by the Bridgman method. The measured concentration dependences of single crystal density are linear. The interstitial and vacancy models of defect formation in the fluorite and tysonite phases, respectively, are confirmed. To implement the composition control of single crystals of superionic conductors M{sub 1-x}R{sub x}F{sub 2+x} and R{sub 1-y}M{sub y}F{sub 3-y} in practice, calibration graphs of X-ray density in the MF{sub 2}-RF{sub 3} systems (M = Ca, Sr, Ba, Cd, Pb; R = La-Lu, Y) are plotted.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22210413
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystallography Reports; Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BRIDGMAN METHOD; CALCIUM FLUORIDES; DENSITY; FLUORITE; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; LANTHANUM FLUORIDES; MONOCRYSTALS; RARE EARTHS; YTTRIUM FLUORIDES