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Title: GAMMA-RAY BURST AND STAR FORMATION RATES: THE PHYSICAL ORIGIN FOR THE REDSHIFT EVOLUTION OF THEIR RATIO

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and galaxies at high redshift represent complementary probes of the star formation history of the universe. In fact, both the GRB rate and the galaxy luminosity density are connected to the underlying star formation. Here, we combine a star formation model for the evolution of the galaxy luminosity function from z = 0 to z = 10 with a metallicity-dependent efficiency for GRB formation to simultaneously predict the comoving GRB rate. Our model sheds light on the physical origin of the empirical relation often assumed between GRB rate and luminosity density-derived star formation rate: n-dot{sub GRB}(z)={epsilon}(z) Multiplication-Sign {rho}-dot{sup *}{sub obs}(z), with {epsilon}(z){proportional_to}(1 + z){sup 1.2}. At z {approx}< 4, {epsilon}(z) is dominated by the effects of metallicity evolution in the GRB efficiency. Our best-fitting model only requires a moderate preference for low-metallicity, that is a GRB rate per unit stellar mass about four times higher for log (Z/Z{sub Sun }) < -3 compared to log (Z/Z{sub Sun }) > 0. Models with total suppression of GRB formation at log (Z/Z{sub Sun }) {approx}> 0 are disfavored. At z {approx}> 4, most of the star formation happens in low-metallicity hosts with nearly saturated efficiency of GRB production permore » unit stellar mass. However, at the same epoch, galaxy surveys miss an increasing fraction of the predicted luminosity density because of flux limits, driving an accelerated evolution of {epsilon}(z) compared to the empirical power-law fit from lower z. Our findings are consistent with the non-detections of GRB hosts in ultradeep imaging at z > 5, and point toward current galaxy surveys at z > 8 only observing the top 15%-20% of the total luminosity density.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Astronomy and Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)
  2. JILA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics, Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22136596
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 773; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COSMIC GAMMA BURSTS; GALAXIES; LUMINOSITY; MASS; PROBES; RED SHIFT; STARS; UNIVERSE