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Title: FORECASTING A CORONAL MASS EJECTION'S ALTERED TRAJECTORY: ForeCAT

To predict whether a coronal mass ejection (CME) will impact Earth, the effects of the background on the CME's trajectory must be taken into account. We develop a model, ForeCAT (Forecasting a CME's Altered Trajectory), of CME deflection due to magnetic forces. ForeCAT includes CME expansion, a three-part propagation model, and the effects of drag on the CME's deflection. Given the background solar wind conditions, the launch site of the CME, and the properties of the CME (mass, final propagation speed, initial radius, and initial magnetic strength), ForeCAT predicts the deflection of the CME. Two different magnetic backgrounds are considered: a scaled background based on type II radio burst profiles and a potential field source surface (PFSS) background. For a scaled background where the CME is launched from an active region located between a coronal hole and streamer region, the strong magnetic gradients cause a deflection of 8. Degree-Sign 1 in latitude and 26. Degree-Sign 4 in longitude for a 10{sup 15} g CME propagating out to 1 AU. Using the PFSS background, which captures the variation of the streamer belt (SB) position with height, leads to a deflection of 1. Degree-Sign 6 in latitude and 4. Degree-Sign 1 inmore » longitude for the control case. Varying the CME's input parameters within observed ranges leads to the majority of CMEs reaching the SB within the first few solar radii. For these specific backgrounds, the SB acts like a potential well that forces the CME into an equilibrium angular position.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Astronomy Department, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Space Weather Lab, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22133850
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 775; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EQUILIBRIUM; GEOMAGNETIC FIELD; MASS; POTENTIALS; SOLAR CORONA; SOLAR WIND; TRAJECTORIES