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Title: FORMATION OF CIRCUMBINARY PLANETS IN A DEAD ZONE

Circumbinary planets have been observed at orbital radii where binary perturbations may have significant effects on the gas disk structure, on planetesimal velocity dispersion, and on the coupling between turbulence and planetesimals. Here, we note that the impact of all of these effects on planet formation is qualitatively altered if the circumbinary disk structure is layered, with a non-turbulent midplane layer (dead zone) and strongly turbulent surface layers. For close binaries, we find that the dead zone typically extends from a radius close to the inner disk edge up to a radius of around 10-20 AU from the center of mass of the binary. The peak in the surface density occurs within the dead zone, far from the inner disk edge, close to the snow line, and may act as a trap for aerodynamically coupled solids. We suggest that circumbinary planet formation may be easier near this preferential location than for disks around single stars. However, dead zones around wide binaries are less likely, and hence planet formation may be more difficult there.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, UCB 440, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22131049
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 773; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; DENSITY; DISTURBANCES; PERTURBATION THEORY; PLANETS; PROTOPLANETS; STARS; TURBULENCE; VELOCITY