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Title: PARTICLE ACCELERATION DURING MAGNETOROTATIONAL INSTABILITY IN A COLLISIONLESS ACCRETION DISK

Particle acceleration during the magnetorotational instability (MRI) in a collisionless accretion disk was investigated by using a particle-in-cell simulation. We discuss the important role that magnetic reconnection plays not only on the saturation of MRI but also on the relativistic particle generation. The plasma pressure anisotropy of p > p{sub ||} induced by the action of MRI dynamo leads to rapid growth in magnetic reconnection, resulting in the fast generation of nonthermal particles with a hard power-law spectrum. This efficient particle acceleration mechanism involved in a collisionless accretion disk may be a possible model to explain the origin of high-energy particles observed around massive black holes.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22130997
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 773; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; ACCRETION DISKS; ANISOTROPY; BLACK HOLES; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; PARTICLES; PLASMA INSTABILITY; PLASMA PRESSURE; PLASMA SIMULATION; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPECTRA