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Title: A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF CAUSTIC METHODS FOR GALAXY CLUSTER MASSES

We quantify the expected observed statistical and systematic uncertainties of the escape velocity as a measure of the gravitational potential and total mass of galaxy clusters. We focus our attention on low redshift (z {<=}0.15) clusters, where large and deep spectroscopic datasets currently exist. Utilizing a suite of Millennium Simulation semi-analytic galaxy catalogs, we find that the dynamical mass, as traced by either the virial relation or the escape velocity, is robust to variations in how dynamical friction is applied to ''orphan'' galaxies in the mock catalogs (i.e., those galaxies whose dark matter halos have fallen below the resolution limit). We find that the caustic technique recovers the known halo masses (M{sub 200}) with a third less scatter compared to the virial masses. The bias we measure increases quickly as the number of galaxies used decreases. For N{sub gal} > 25, the scatter in the escape velocity mass is dominated by projections along the line-of-sight. Algorithmic uncertainties from the determination of the projected escape velocity profile are negligible. We quantify how target selection based on magnitude, color, and projected radial separation can induce small additional biases into the escape velocity masses. Using N{sub gal} = 150 (25), the caustic techniquemore » has a per cluster scatter in ln (M|M{sub 200}) of 0.3 (0.5) and bias 1% {+-} 3{r_brace} (16% {+-} 5{r_brace}) for clusters with masses >10{sup 14} M{sub Sun} at z < 0.15.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22130995
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 773; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CATALOGS; COLOR; DATASETS; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SIMULATION; VARIATIONS