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Title: THE GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL NEAR THE SUN FROM SEGUE K-DWARF KINEMATICS

To constrain the Galactic gravitational potential near the Sun ({approx}1.5 kpc), we derive and model the spatial and velocity distributions for a sample of 9000 K-dwarfs with spectra from SDSS/SEGUE, which yield radial velocities and abundances ([Fe/H] and [{alpha}/Fe]). We first derive the spatial density distribution for three abundance-selected sub-populations of stars accounting for the survey's selection function. The vertical profiles of these sub-populations are simple exponentials and their vertical dispersion profile is nearly isothermal. To model these data, we apply the 'vertical' Jeans equation, which relates the observable tracer number density and vertical velocity dispersion to the gravitational potential or vertical force. We explore a number of functional forms for the vertical force law, fit the dispersion and density profiles of all abundance-selected sub-populations simultaneously in the same potential, and explore all parameter co-variances using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique. Our fits constrain a disk mass scale height {approx}< 300 pc and the total surface mass density to be 67 {+-} 6 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2} at |z| = 1.0 kpc of which the contribution from all stars is 42 {+-} 5 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2} (assuming a contribution from cold gas of 13 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2}).more » We find significant constraints on the local dark matter density of 0.0065 {+-} 0.0023 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -3} (0.25 {+-} 0.09 GeV cm{sup -3}). Together with recent experiments this firms up the best estimate of 0.0075 {+-} 0.0021 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -3} (0.28 {+-} 0.08 GeV cm{sup -3}), consistent with global fits of approximately round dark matter halos to kinematic data in the outskirts of the Galaxy.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Key Lab of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, 100012 Beijing (China)
  2. Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22121796
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 772; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; DENSITY; DWARF STARS; GALAXIES; GEV RANGE; LIMITING VALUES; MARKOV PROCESS; MASS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RADIAL VELOCITY; SCALE HEIGHT; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; SPECTRA; SUN