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Title: From CANDLE reactor to pebble-bed reactor

This paper attempts to reveal theoretically, by studying a diffusion-burn-up coupled neutronic model, that a so-called CANDLE reactor and a pebble-bed type reactor have a common burn-up feature. As already known, a solitary burn-up wave that can develop in the common U-Pu and Th-U conversion processes is the basic mechanism of the CANDLE reactor. In this paper it is demonstrated that a family of burn-up wave solution exists in the boundary value problem characterizing a pebble bed reactor, in which the fuel is loaded from above into the core and unloaded from bottom. Among this solution family there is a particular case, namely, a partial solitary wave solution, which begins from the fuel entrance side and extends into infinity on the exit side, and has a maximal bum-up rate in this family. An example dealing with the {sup 232}Th-{sup 233}U conversion chain is studied and the solutions are presented in order to show the mechanism of the burn-up wave. (authors)
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Inst. for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, P.O.B. 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22039482
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: PHYSOR-2006: American Nuclear Society's Topical Meeting on Reactor Physics - Advances in Nuclear Analysis and Simulation, Vancouver, BC (Canada), 10-14 Sep 2006; Other Information: Country of input: France; 12 refs.
Publisher:
American Nuclear Society - ANS; La Grange Park (United States)
Research Org:
American Nuclear Society, 555 North Kensington Avenue, La Grange Park, IL 60526 (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; BOUNDARY-VALUE PROBLEMS; BURNUP; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; NEUTRON DIFFUSION EQUATION; PEBBLE BED REACTORS; THORIUM 232; URANIUM 233