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Title: Topics in Nuclear Power

The 104 nuclear plants operating in the US today are far safer than they were 20-30 years ago. For example, there's been about a 100-fold reduction in the occurrence of 'significant events' since the late 1970s. Although the youngest of currently operating US plants was designed in the 1970s, all have been significantly modified over the years. Key contributors to the safety gains are a vigilant culture, much improved equipment reliability, greatly improved training of operators and maintenance workers, worldwide sharing of experience, and the effective use of probabilistic risk assessment. Several manufacturers have submitted high quality new designs for large reactors to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for design approval, and some designers are taking a second look at the economies of smaller, modular reactors.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21612126
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1401; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Conference on physics of sustainable energy 2: Using energy efficiently and producing it renewably, Berkeley, CA (United States), 5-6 Mar 2011; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.3653868; (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; DESIGN; ECONOMY; ENERGY CONSERVATION; FISSION; GAIN; NUCLEAR FUELS; NUCLEAR POWER; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PERSONNEL; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; REACTOR MAINTENANCE; REACTOR SAFETY; RELIABILITY; RISK ASSESSMENT; TRAINING AMPLIFICATION; CALCULATION METHODS; EDUCATION; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; MAINTENANCE; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; POWER; POWER PLANTS; REACTOR MATERIALS; SAFETY; THERMAL POWER PLANTS