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Title: M-BAND IMAGING OF THE HR 8799 PLANETARY SYSTEM USING AN INNOVATIVE LOCI-BASED BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION TECHNIQUE

Multi-wavelength observations/spectroscopy of exoplanetary atmospheres are the basis of the emerging exciting field of comparative exoplanetology. The HR 8799 planetary system is an ideal laboratory to study our current knowledge gap between massive field brown dwarfs and the cold 5 Gyr old solar system planets. The HR 8799 planets have so far been imaged at J- to L-band, with only upper limits available at M-band. We present here deep high-contrast Keck II adaptive optics M-band observations that show the imaging detection of three of the four currently known HR 8799 planets. Such detections were made possible due to the development of an innovative LOCI-based background subtraction scheme that is three times more efficient than a classical median background subtraction for Keck II AO data, representing a gain in telescope time of up to a factor of nine. These M-band detections extend the broadband photometric coverage out to {approx}5 {mu}m and provide access to the strong CO fundamental absorption band at 4.5 {mu}m. The new M-band photometry shows that the HR 8799 planets are located near the L/T-type dwarf transition, similar to what was found by other studies. We also confirm that the best atmospheric fits are consistent with low surfacemore » gravity, dusty, and non-equilibrium CO/CH{sub 4} chemistry models.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Research Council Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7 (Canada)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94550 (United States)
  3. Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21565438
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 739; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/739/2/L41
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; CARBON MONOXIDE; METHANE; PHOTOMETRY; PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES; PLANETS; SOLAR SYSTEM ALKANES; ATMOSPHERES; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; HYDROCARBONS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SORPTION