Scaling up: Assessing social impacts at the macro-scale
Social impacts occur at various scales, from the micro-scale of the individual to the macro-scale of the community. Identifying the macro-scale social changes that results from an impacting event is a common goal of social impact assessment (SIA), but is challenging as multiple factors simultaneously influence social trends at any given time, and there are usually only a small number of cases available for examination. While some methods have been proposed for establishing the contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change, they remain relatively untested. This paper critically reviews methods recommended to assess macro-scale social impacts, and proposes and demonstrates a new approach. The 'scaling up' method involves developing a chain of logic linking change at the individual/site scale to the community scale. It enables a more problematised assessment of the likely contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change than previous approaches. The use of this approach in a recent study of change in dairy farming in south east Australia is described.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Environmental Impact Assessment Review; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2010.12.007; PII: S0195-9255(10)00154-X; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AUSTRALIA; COMMUNITIES; ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS; PUBLIC POLICY; SOCIAL IMPACT AUSTRALASIA; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; PUBLIC OPINION