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Title: Flow conditions of fresh mortar and concrete in different pipes

The variation in fresh concrete flow rate over the pipe cross section was investigated on differently coloured and highly flowable concrete mixes flowing through pipes of different materials (rubber, steel, acryl). First, uncoloured (gray) concrete was poured through the pipe and the pipe blocked. Similar but coloured (black) concrete was then poured into the pipe filled with gray concrete, flowing after the gray concrete for a while before being blocked and hardened. The advance of the colouring along the pipe wall (showing boundary flow rate) was observed on the moulded concrete surface appearing after removing the pipe from the hardened concrete. The shapes of the interfaces between uncoloured and coloured concrete (showing variation of flow rate over the pipe cross section) were observed on sawn surfaces of concrete half cylinders cut along the length axes of the concrete-filled pipe. Flow profiles over the pipe cross section were clearly seen with maximum flow rates near the centre of the pipe and low flow rate at the pipe wall (typically rubber pipe with reference concrete without silica fume and/or stabilizers). More plug-shaped profiles, with long slip layers and less variation of flow rate over the cross section, were also seen (typically inmore » smooth acrylic pipes). Flow rate, amount of concrete sticking to the wall after flow and SEM-images of pipe surface roughness were observed, illustrating the problem of testing full scale pumping.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept of Structural Engineering, Trondheim (Norway)
  2. SINTEF Byggforsk AS Building and Infrastructure, Trondheim (Norway)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21344731
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cement and Concrete Research; Journal Volume: 39; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.07.005; PII: S0008-8846(09)00165-3; Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CONCRETES; CROSS SECTIONS; FLOW RATE; MORTARS; PIPES; RHEOLOGY; RUBBERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STEELS ALLOYS; BUILDING MATERIALS; CARBON ADDITIONS; ELASTOMERS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MATERIALS; MICROSCOPY; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; POLYMERS; TRANSITION ELEMENT ALLOYS; TUBES