skip to main content

Title: Anatomic and Dosimetric Changes During the Treatment Course of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Many patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have marked anatomic change during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). In this study, the magnitude of anatomic changes and its dosimetric effects were quantified. Fifteen patients with locally advanced NPC treated with IMRT had repeated computed tomography (CT) after 18 fractions. A hybrid plan was made to the anatomy of the second computed tomography scan. The dose of the original plan, hybrid plan, and new plan were compared. The mean volume of left and right parotid decreased 6.19 mL and 6.44 mL, respectively. The transverse diameters of the upper bound of odontoid process, the center of odontoid process, and the center of C2 vertebral body slices contracted with the mean contraction of 8.2 mm, 9.4 mm, and 7.6 mm. Comparing the hybrid plan with the treatment plan, the coverage of target was maintained while the maximum dose to the brain stem and spinal cord increased by 0.08 to 6.51 Gy and 0.05 to 7.8 Gy. The mean dose to left and right parotid increased by 2.97 Gy and 2.57 Gy, respectively. A new plan reduced the dose of spinal cord, brain stem, and parotids. Measurable anatomic changes occurring during the IMRT for locally advanced NPCmore » maintained the coverage of targets but increased the dose to critical organs. Those patients might benefit from replanning.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)
  2. (China)
  3. (Singapore)
  4. Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai (China), E-mail: Hucsu62@yahoo.com
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21333983
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Dosimetry; Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2009.06.007; PII: S0958-3947(09)00058-2; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BRAIN; CARCINOMAS; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; PHARYNX; PLANNING; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; SPINAL CORD