skip to main content

Title: Protective effect of bile acid derivatives in phalloidin-induced rat liver toxicity

Phalloidin causes severe liver damage characterized by marked cholestasis, which is due in part to irreversible polymerization of actin filaments. Liver uptake of this toxin through the transporter OATP1B1 is inhibited by the bile acid derivative BALU-1, which does not inhibit the sodium-dependent bile acid transporter NTCP. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether BALU-1 prevents liver uptake of phalloidin without impairing endogenous bile acid handling and hence may have protective effects against the hepatotoxicity induced by this toxin. In anaesthetized rats, i.v. administration of BALU-1 increased bile flow more than taurocholic acid (TCA). Phalloidin administration decreased basal (- 60%) and TCA-stimulated bile flow (- 55%) without impairing bile acid output. Phalloidin-induced cholestasis was accompanied by liver necrosis, nephrotoxicity and haematuria. In BALU-1-treated animals, phalloidin-induced cholestasis was partially prevented. Moreover haematuria was not observed, which was consistent with histological evidences of BALU-1-prevented injury of liver and kidney tissue. HPLC-MS/MS analysis revealed that BALU-1 was secreted in bile mainly in non-conjugated form, although a small proportion (< 5%) of tauro-BALU-1 was detected. BALU-1 did not inhibit the biliary secretion of endogenous bile acids. When highly choleretic bile acids, - ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) and dehydrocholic acid (DHCA) - were administered,more » they were found less efficient than BALU-1 in preventing phalloidin-induced cholestasis. Biliary phalloidin elimination was low but it was increased by BALU-1 > TCA > DHCA > UDCA. In conclusion, BALU-1 is able to protect against phalloidin-induced hepatotoxicity, probably due to an inhibition of the liver uptake and an enhanced biliary secretion of this toxin.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Laboratory of Experimental Hepatology and Drug Targeting, CIBERehd. University of Salamanca, Salamanca (Spain)
  2. Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Campus of Lugo, University of Santiago (Spain)
  3. Laboratory of Experimental Hepatology and Drug Targeting, CIBERehd. University of Salamanca, Salamanca (Spain), E-mail: jjgmarin@usal.es
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21272623
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 239; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2009.04.017; PII: S0041-008X(09)00170-7; Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BILE; BILE ACIDS; HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY; INJURIES; KIDNEYS; LIVER; MUSHROOMS; NECROSIS; POLYMERIZATION; POLYPEPTIDES; RATS; SECRETION; TOXICITY