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Title: Extinction and near-extinction instability of non-premixed tubular flames

Tubular non-premixed flames are formed by an opposed tubular burner, a new tool to study the effects of curvature on extinction and flame instability of non-premixed flames. Extinction of the opposed tubular flames generated by burning diluted H{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} or C{sub 3}H{sub 8} with air is investigated for both concave and convex curvature. To examine the effects of curvature on extinction, the critical fuel dilution ratios at extinction are measured at various stretch rates, initial mixture strengths and flame curvature for fuels diluted in N{sub 2}, He, Ar or CO{sub 2}. In addition, the onset conditions of the cellular instability are mapped as a function of stretch rates, initial mixture strengths, and flame curvature. For fuel mixtures with Lewis numbers much less than unity, such as H{sub 2}/N{sub 2}, concave flame curvature towards the fuel suppresses cellular instabilities. (author)
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Mechanical Engineering Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21227377
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Combustion and Flame; Journal Volume: 156; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; METHANE; PROPANE; FLAMES; HYDROGEN; MIXTURES; CARBON DIOXIDE; INSTABILITY; AIR; FLAME EXTINCTION; BURNERS; DILUTION; NITROGEN; HELIUM; ARGON; TUBES