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Title: CO{sub 2} capture from flue gases using three Ca-based sorbents in a fluidized bed reactor

Abstract: Experiments of CO{sub 2} capture and sorbent regeneration characteristics of limestone, dolomite, and CaO/Ca{sub 1}2Al{sub 14}O{sub 3}3 at high temperature were investigated in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a fluidized bed reactor. The effect of reactivity decay of limestone, dolomite, and CaO/Ca{sub 12}Al{sub 14}O{sub 3}3 sorbents on CO{sub 2} capture and sorbent regeneration processes was studied. The experimental results indicated that the operation time of high efficient CO{sub 2} capture stage declined continuously with increasing of the cyclic number due to the loss of the sorbent activity, and the final CO{sub 2} capture efficiency would remain nearly constant, due to the sorbent already reaching the final residual capture capacity. After the CO{sub 2} capture step, the Ca-based sorbents need to be regenerated to be used for a subsequent cycle, and the multiple calcination processes of Ca-based sorbent under different calcination conditions are studied and discussed. Reactivity loss of limestone, dolomite and CaO/Ca{sub 12}Al{sub 14}O{sub 3}3 sorbents from a fluidized bed reactor at both mild and severe calcination conditions was compared with the TGA data. At mild calcination conditions, TGA results of sorbent reactivity loss were similar to the experimental results of fluidized bed reactor for three sorbents at 850more » degrees C calcination temperature, and this indicated that TGA experimental results can be used as a reference to predict sorbent reactivity loss behavior in fluidized bed reactor. At severe calcination condition, sorbent reactivity loss behavior for limestone and dolomite from TGA compare well with the result from a fluidized bed reactor.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Tsinghua University, Beijing (China). Dept. of Thermal Engineering
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21197791
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Engineering (New York); Journal Volume: 135; Journal Issue: 6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CAPTURE; CARBON DIOXIDE; FLUE GAS; ADSORBENTS; FLUIDIZED BED REACTORS; REGENERATION; LIMESTONE; DOLOMITE; CALCIUM OXIDES; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; CALCINATION; REACTIVITY