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Title: Mutation of critical serine residues in HIV-1 matrix result in an envelope incorporation defect which can be rescued by truncation of the gp41 cytoplasmic tail

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) matrix (MA) domain is involved in both early and late events of the viral life cycle. Simultaneous mutation of critical serine residues in MA has been shown previously to dramatically reduce phosphorylation of MA. However, the role of phosphorylation in viral replication remains unclear. Viruses harboring serine to alanine substitutions at positions 9, 67, 72, and 77 are severely impaired in their ability to infect target cells. In addition, the serine mutant viruses are defective in their ability to fuse with target cell membranes. Interestingly, both the fusion defect and the infectivity defect can be rescued by truncation of the long cytoplasmic tail of gp41 envelope protein (gp41CT). Sucrose density gradient analysis also reveals that these mutant viruses have reduced levels of gp120 envelope protein incorporated into the virions as compared to wild type virus. Truncation of the gp41CT rescues the envelope incorporation defect. Here we propose a model in which mutation of specific serine residues prevents MA interaction with lipid rafts during HIV-1 assembly and thereby impairs recruitment of envelope to the sites of viral budding.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Division of Molecular Oncology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. (United States), E-mail: lratner@im.wustl.edu
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21182803
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 384; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.10.047; PII: S0042-6822(08)00721-6; Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AIDS VIRUS; ALANINES; CELL MEMBRANES; DEFECTS; LIFE CYCLE; LIPIDS; MUTANTS; MUTATIONS; PHOSPHORYLATION; PROTEINS; SACCHAROSE; SERINE