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Title: Disruption of period gene expression alters the inductive effects of dioxin on the AhR signaling pathway in the mouse liver

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and AhR nuclear translocator (ARNT) are transcription factors that express Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) DNA-binding motifs and mediate the metabolism of drugs and environmental toxins in the liver. Because these transcription factors interact with other PAS genes in molecular feedback loops forming the mammalian circadian clockworks, we determined whether targeted disruption or siRNA inhibition of Per1 and Per2 expression alters toxin-mediated regulation of the AhR signaling pathway in the mouse liver and Hepa1c1c7 hepatoma cells in vitro. Treatment with the prototypical Ahr ligand, 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), had inductive effects on the primary targets of AhR signaling, Cyp1A1 and Cyp1B1, in the liver of all animals, but genotype-based differences were evident such that the toxin-mediated induction of Cyp1A1 expression was significantly greater (2-fold) in mice with targeted disruption of Per1 (Per1{sup ldc} and Per1{sup ldc}/Per2{sup ldc}). In vitro experiments yielded similar results demonstrating that siRNA inhibition of Per1 significantly increases the TCDD-induced expression of Cyp1A1 and Cyp1B1 in Hepa1c1c7 cells. Per2 inhibition in siRNA-infected Hepa1c1c7 cells had the opposite effect and significantly decreased both the induction of these p450 genes as well as AhR and Arnt expression in response to TCDD treatment. These findings suggest that Per1 may playmore » a distinctive role in modulating AhR-regulated responses to TCDD in the liver.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Biology, College Station, Texas 77843-3258 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843-4458 (United States)
  4. (United States), E-mail: dearnest@tamu.edu
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21182723
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 234; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2008.10.016; PII: S0041-008X(08)00457-2; Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AMINO ACIDS; DIOXIN; DNA; ENZYMES; GENE REGULATION; GENES; GENOTYPE; HEPATOMAS; IN VITRO; INHIBITION; LIGANDS; LIVER; METABOLISM; MICE; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; RECEPTORS; TOXINS; TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS; XENOBIOTICS