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Title: Nature of radiation defects in synthetic quartz according to the small-angle neutron scattering data

The supraatomic structure of single crystals of synthetic quartz in the initial state with a dislocation density of 570 cm{sup -2} and after irradiation in the VVR-M reactor at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute with fast neutrons having the energy E{sub n} > 1 MeV in the range of fluences F{sub n} = 7.7 x 10{sup 17} -2.1 x 10{sup 20} neutrons/cm{sup 2} has been studied by small-angle scattering of thermal neutrons. It is established that fast neutrons form point, linear, and volume lattice defects throughout the entire sample volume. Large-volume structures (nuclei of the amorphous phase) in quartz, reaching {approx}100 nm in size, occupy a small total volume ({approx}1.5%) even at the maximum fluence 2.1 x 10{sup 20} neutrons/cm{sup 2}. The majority of damage is related to the point defects with the radius of gyration of 1-2 nm and linear defects, which give comparable contributions up to several percent.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
  2. OAO Glass Property Laboratory (Russian Federation)
  3. Russian Academy of Sciences, Geological Institute, Kola Research Center (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21090915
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystallography Reports; Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1134/S1063774507030200; Copyright (c) 2007 Nauka/Interperiodica; Article Copyright (c) 2007 Pleiades Publishing, Inc; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AMORPHOUS STATE; DISLOCATIONS; FAST NEUTRONS; IRRADIATION; MONOCRYSTALS; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; PHYSICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; POINT DEFECTS; QUARTZ; SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING; THERMAL NEUTRONS