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Title: Retrospective Analysis of Locally Advanced Noninflammatory Breast Cancer From Chennai, South India, 1990-1999

Purpose: This was a retrospective observational study to elicit the outcome of the therapeutic strategy of concurrent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy protocol for locally advanced breast cancer. Methods and Materials: A large series of 1,117 consecutive cases of locally advanced breast cancer treated at the Cancer Institute (WIA), in Chennai, South India, between 1990 and 1999 and followed through 2004 formed the basis for this study. Disease-free survival was the main outcome, and nodal and tumor downstaging were the intermediate outcome measures studied. Results: Primary tumor downstaging was observed in 45% and nodal downstaging in 57.5%. The disease-free survival rate of nodal downstaged patients at 5, 10, and 15 years was 75%, 65%, and 58%, respectively. The corresponding rates for pre- and postoperative node-negative patients were 70%, 60%, and 59%. The best survival was seen among those who were tumor and node negative postoperatively. Nodal downstaging halved the risk of disease recurrence and death compared with node positivity, irrespective of tumor sterility. Conclusions: A randomized trial using cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil vs. an anthracycline-based regimen in the setting of concurrent chemoradiotherapy appears indicated. Additional preoperative chemotherapy to maximize nodal and tumor downstaging should be investigated. A change in postoperative chemotherapy according tomore » nodal status could also be explored.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Breast and Gynaec Oncology, Cancer Institute, Gandhi Nagar, Adyar, Chennai (India), E-mail: caninst@md2.vsnl.net.in
  2. Division of Epidemiology and Cancer Registry, Cancer Institute, Gandhi Nagar, Adyar, Chennai (India)
  3. Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute, Gandhi Nagar, Adyar, Chennai (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21039699
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 70; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.05.050; PII: S0360-3016(07)00981-9; Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CARCINOMAS; CHEMOTHERAPY; COMBINED THERAPY; DEATH; ENDOXAN; HEALTH HAZARDS; MAMMARY GLANDS; METHOTREXATE; PATIENTS; STERILITY; URACILS