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Title: Sustainable energy in china: the closing window of opportunity

China's remarkable economic growth has been supported by a generally adequate and relatively low-cost supply of energy, creating the world's largest coal industry, its second-largest oil market, and an eclectic power business that is adding capacity at an unprecedented rate. If energy requirements continue to double every decade, China will not be able to meet the energy demands of the present without seriously compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own energy needs. This title uses historical data from 1980 and alternative scenarios through 2020 to assess China's future energy requirements and the resources to meet them. It calls for a high-level commitment to develop and implement an integrated, coordinated, and comprehensive energy policy. The authors recommend eight building blocks to reduce energy consumption growth well below the targeted rate of economic growth, to use national resources on an economically and environmentally sound basis, and to establish a robust energy system that can better ensure the security of a diverse supply of competitively priced energy forms. Sustainability calls for persistence of effort, greater reliance on advanced energy technologies, and better standards enforcement. Achieving these goals will require policy initiatives that restrict demand and create a 'resources-conscious society', reconcilemore » energy needs with environmental imperatives, rationalize pricing, and tackle supply security. While the challenges are daunting, China has a unique opportunity to position itself as a world leader in the application of cutting-edge energy developments to create a sustainable energy sector effectively supporting a flourishing economy and society.« less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20905818
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Directions in development: energy and mining
Publisher:
World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CHINA; ENERGY; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; FORECASTING; ENERGY POLICY; ENERGY CONSERVATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; DIVERSIFICATION; RESOURCE CONSERVATION; COAL; BIOMASS; POWER GENERATION; NATURAL GAS; COST; COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS; COAL GASIFICATION; SECURITY; DOMESTIC SUPPLIES; MINING; COAL MINING; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL