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Title: Advanced physico-chemical treatment experiences on young municipal landfill leachates

In this study, Membrane Filtration (UF+RO), Struvite (MAP) precipitation and ammonia stripping alternatives were studied on biologically pre-treated Landfill Leachate. The results indicated that the system including the Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASBR) and Membrane Reactors (UF+RO) has been offered as an appropriate treatment alternative for young landfill leachates. This system provided high removals of COD, colour and conductivity (>98-99%). For ammonia removal, struvite precipitation was applied at the stoichiometric ratio (Mg:NH{sub 4}:PO{sub 4}=1:1:1) to anaerobically pre-treated raw landfill leachate effluent having an influent ammonium concentration of 2240 mg/l. Maximum ammonium nitrogen removal was observed as 85% at pH of 9.2. In ammonia stripping following 2 h of aeration, the removal was 72% at pH=12 while the removals were around 20% at pH=10 and pH=11. When membrane reactor, and struvite precipitation or ammonia stripping was applied to anaerobically pre-treated effluents, the results indicated that each system could be used as an appropriate post-treatment option for young landfill leachates. In economic aspect, ammonia stripping was found as the cheapest alternative with high ammonium removal. However, when both high COD and ammonium removals were to be achieved membrane technology such as UF+RO (SW) could be considered as the most appropriate systemmore » due to the fact that COD removal could be obtained very low by ammonia stripping.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20875605
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Waste Management; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 5; Conference: World environmental congress on appropriate environmental and solid waste management and technologies for developing countries, Istanbul (Turkey), 8-12 Jul 2002; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/S0956-053X(03)00061-8; PII: S0956053X03000618; Copyright (c) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AERATION; AMMONIA; LEACHATES; PH VALUE; PHOSPHATES; PRECIPITATION; REMOVAL; SANITARY LANDFILLS; SLUDGES; STOICHIOMETRY; STRIPPING