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Title: A quantitative-metallographic study of the sintering behaviour of dolomite

Grain growth of the MgO phase during sintering of natural dolomite from Selcuklu-Konya in Turkey was studied in the temperature range 1600-1700 deg. C. For comparison purposes, iron oxide (98.66% mill scale) was added up to 1.5%. The compositions of the phases formed during sintering were studied using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Quantitative-metallographic analyses were performed on images taken by SEM. For the automatic image analysis of dolomite microstructures, material (atomic number) contrast with backscattered electrons (BSEs) was utilized because it yields higher phase contrast compared to secondary electrons (SEs). Iron oxide additions to dolomite result in dense dolomite structures at given sintering temperatures, where phases with low melting temperatures are developed. During liquid phase sintering, periclase is enriched with iron, which destabilizes the MgO phase. The relevant kinetic exponents for MgO in the natural doloma and 0.5% Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} added doloma were 6 and 2, and the activation energies were 108 and 243 kJ/mol, respectively.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul (Turkey)
  2. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Kocaeli University, Veziroglu Campus, Izmit-Kocaeli 41040 (Turkey)
  3. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Kocaeli University, Veziroglu Campus, Izmit-Kocaeli 41040 (Turkey). E-mail: karagoez@kou.edu.tr
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20748639
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 4-5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2004.06.004; PII: S1044-5803(04)00131-7; Copyright (c) 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTIVATION ENERGY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DOLOMITE; ELECTRONS; FERRITES; GRAIN GROWTH; IMAGES; IRON; IRON OXIDES; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; MELTING POINTS; METALLOGRAPHY; MICROSTRUCTURE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SINTERING; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY