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Title: Subnitride chemistry: A first-principles study of the NaBa{sub 3}N, Na{sub 5}Ba{sub 3}N, and Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N phases

An ab initio study on the electronic structure of the subnitrides NaBa{sub 3}N, Na{sub 5}Ba{sub 3}N, and Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N is performed for the first time. The NaBa{sub 3}N and Na{sub 5}Ba{sub 3}N phases consist of infinite {sup 1}{sub {infinity}}[NBa{sub 6/2}] strands composed of face-sharing NBa{sub 6} octahedra surrounded by a 'sea' of sodium atoms. The Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N phase consist of discrete [NBa{sub 6}] octahedra arranged in a body-cubic fashion, surrounded by a 'sea' of sodium atoms. Our calculations suggest that the title subnitrides are metals. Analysis of the electronic structure shows partial interaction of N(2s) with Ba(5p) electrons in the lower energy region for NaBa{sub 3}N and Na{sub 5}Ba{sub 3}N. However, no dispersion is observed for the N(2s) and Ba(5p) bands in the cubic phase Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N. The metallic band below the Fermi level shows a strong mixing of N(2p), Ba(6s), Ba(5d), Ba(6p), Na(3s) and Na(3p) orbitals. The metallic character in these nitrides stems from delocalized electrons corresponding to hybridized 5d{sup l}6s{sup m}6p{sup n} barium orbitals which interact with hybridized 3s{sup n}3p{sup m} sodium orbitals. Analysis of the electron density and electronic structure in these nitrides shows two different regions: a metallic matrix corresponding to the sodiummore » atoms and the regions around them and heteropolar bonding between nitrogen and barium within the infinite {sup 1}{sub {infinity}}[NBa{sub 6/2}] strands of the NaBa{sub 3}N and Na{sub 5}Ba{sub 3}N phases, and within the isolated [NBa{sub 6}] octahedra of the Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N phase. The nitrogen atoms inside the strands and octahedra are negatively charged, the anionic character of nitrogens being larger in the isolated octahedra of the cubic phase Na{sub 16}Ba{sub 6}N, due to the lack of electron delocalization along one direction as opposed to the other phases. The sodium and barium atoms appear to be slightly negatively and positively charged, the latter to a larger extent. From the computed Ba-N overlap populations as well as the analysis of the contour maps of differences between total density and superposition of atomic densities, we suggest partial covalent bonding between nitrogen and barium atoms along the infinite {sup 1}{sub {infinity}}[NBa{sub 6/2}] strands and within isolated [NBa{sub 6}] octahedra.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Instituto de Quimica-Fisica 'Rocasolano', CSIC, Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid (Spain). E-mail: J.M.Oliva@iqfr.csic.es
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20725868
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 178; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2004.12.041; PII: S0022-4596(04)00648-6; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BARIUM NITRIDES; CHEMICAL BONDS; COVALENCE; ELECTRON DENSITY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FERMI LEVEL; INTERACTIONS; SODIUM NITRIDES