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Title: Bone marrow and bone marrow derived mononuclear stem cells therapy for the chronically ischemic myocardium

Bone marrow stem cells have been shown to differentiate into various phenotypes including cardiomyocytes, vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle. Bone marrow stem cells are mobilized and home in to areas of injured myocardium where they are involved in tissue repair. In addition, bone marrow secretes multiple growth factors, which are essential for angiogenesis and arteriogenesis. In some patients, these processes are not enough to avert clinical symptoms of ischemic disease. Therefore, in vivo administration of an adequate number of stem cells would be a significant therapeutic advance. Unfractionated bone marrow derived mononuclear stem cells, which contain both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells may be more appropriate for cell therapy. Studies in animal models suggest that implantation of different types of stem cells improve angiogenesis and arteriogenesis, tissue perfusion as well as left ventricular function. Several unanswered questions remain. For example, the optimal delivery approach, dosage and timing of the administration of cell therapy as well as durability of improvements need to be studied. Early clinical studies have demonstrated safety and feasibility of various cell therapies in ischemic disease. Randomized, double blind and placebo-controlled clinical trials need to be completed to determine the effectiveness of stem cell.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20650566
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular Radiation Medicine; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/S1522-1865(03)00163-X; PII: S152218650300163X; Copyright (c) 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BIOLOGICAL REPAIR; BONE MARROW; CLINICAL TRIALS; GROWTH FACTORS; IN VIVO; MYOCARDIUM; PHENOTYPE; STEM CELLS; THERAPY