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Title: Fluorine-18 labeled tracers for PET studies in the neurosciences

This chapter focuses on fluorine-18, the positron emitter with the longest half-life, the lowest positron energy and probably, the most challenging chemistry. The incorporation of F-18 into organic compounds presents many challenges, including: the need to synthesize and purify the compound within a 2--3 hour time frame; the limited number of labeled precursor molecules; the need to work on a microscale; and the need to produce radiotracers which are chemically and radiochemically pure, sterile and pyrogen-free, and suitable for intravenous injection. The PET method and F-18 labeling of organic molecules are described followed by highlights of the applications of F-18 labeled compounds in the neurosciences and neuropharmacology. It is important to emphasize the essential and pivotal role that organic synthesis has played in the progression of the PET field over the past twenty years from one in which only a handful of institutions possessed the instrumentation and staff to carry out research to the present-day situation where there are more than 200 PET centers worldwide. During this period PET has become an important scientific tool in the neurosciences, cardiology and oncology. It is important to point out that PET is by no means a mature field. The fact that amore » hundreds of different F-18 labeled compounds have been developed but only a few possess the necessary selectivity and sensitivity in vivo to track a specific biochemical process illustrates this and underscores a major difficulty in radiotracer development, namely the selection of priority structures for synthesis and the complexities of the interactions between chemical compounds and living systems. New developments in rapid organic synthesis are needed in order to investigate new molecular targets and to improve the quantitative nature of PET experiments.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
206454
Report Number(s):
BNL--62617; CONF-950801--23
ON: DE96007652; TRN: 96:008739
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-76CH00016
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 210. national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), Chicago, IL (United States), 20-25 Aug 1995; Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; 40 CHEMISTRY; FLUORINE 18; RADIOCHEMISTRY; RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS; LABELLING; NERVOUS SYSTEM; POSITRON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE; DOPAMINE; NEUROREGULATORS